This report identifies the main conflicts between certain fundamental rights and the right to equality and non-discrimination. Primarily, they concern the right to respect for private life, the right to freedom of association and the right to freedom of religion. The various conflict scenarios have been approached against the backdrop of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights as well as the law and practices of Member States. The task is at times so delicate that it would justify the establishment of guidelines and a coherent methodology by the EU authorities,
which would also contribute to the consistent application of European law.