‘Personal data’ is any information relating to an identified or identifiable person. An identifiable person is one who can be identified by means of an identifier, such as name, surname, personal code, location data, an online identifier or factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of a person. Personal data is closely linked to private life, which in turn is protected by human rights. In order not to infringe on this right, any action relating to personal data must be carried out within the framework of the law.
Example: The data of an accused person, together with the case file, is disclosed to other persons involved in the criminal proceedings, thus also disclosing the data on the state of health of the accused.